Memahami Karya Allah melalui Penyandang Disabilitas dengan Menggunakan Kritik Tanggapan Pembaca terhadap Yohanes 9:2-3

Vincent Kalvin Wenno, Molisca Ivana Patty, Johanna Silvanna Talupun

Abstract


Disability is an imbalance of interactions between biological conditions and the surrounding social environment. Disability is never separated from understanding normality. However, a normality that results in normal can harm the personal lives of people with disabilities. Likewise with theology and Christianity tends to ignore the reality of persons with disabilities with biased interpretations of the Bible. John 9: 1-40 gives another dimension, Jesus healed and even defended people with disabilities. This text gives hope for the good treatment of Jesus for persons with disabilities. However, the reality in this life is not like that. For this reason, this study deals with the text of John 9: 1-40 using a critique of the reader's response to finding out, first, the response of persons with disabilities to the text, and secondly the meaning of God's work through persons with disabilities. This research focuses on diverse groups of people with disabilities at the Yayasan Cergas, Maluku.

Abstrak

Disabilitas merupakan ketidakseimbangan interaksi antara kondisi biologis dan lingkungan sosial sekitar. Disabilitas memang tidak pernah terlepas dari pemahaman normalitas. Akan tetapi, normalitas yang menghasilkan norma-lisme dapat memberikan dampak negatif bagi kehidupan pribadi penyandang disabilitas. Begitu juga dengan teologi dan kekristenan yang cenderung mengabaikan realitas penyandang disabilitas dengan berbagai penafsiran Alkitab yang bias. Yohanes 9:2-3 memberikan dimensi lain, Yesus menyem-buhkan, bahkan membela kaum disabilitas. Teks ini memberikan pengha-rapan akan perlakuan yang baik dari Yesus bagi penyandang disabilitas. Namun, kenyataan dalam kehidupan sekarang tidak seperti demikian. Untuk itu, studi ini menggumuli teks Yohanes 9:2-3 menggunakan suatu kritik tanggapan pembaca untuk mengetahui, pertama, respon penyandang disabi-litas terhadap teks tersebut, dan kedua, pemaknaan karya Allah melalui diri penyandang disabilitas. Penelitian ini berfokus pada kelompok penyandang disabilitas yang beragam pada Yayasan Cergas, Maluku


Keywords


blindness; disabilty; John 9; kebutaan; konsep diri; penyandang disabilitas; self-concept; Yohanes 9

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33991/epigraphe.v4i2.141

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